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An Entrance to the world of perfumes
Since emotions play an important role in the sense of smell.  Definitely, there is  a logic in people choice  for perfumes, but it is likely that at least two of the favorite perfumes belong to the same aromatic family.

Perfumes families hold the key of the stuff that everyone likes or doesn't like.

In addition, to the main group of odors which known as floral, eastern and woody perfumes.

There is a forth fragrance it is the refresher.

The modern perfume industry has turned what was in the past, the eau de cologne to the citrus fragrances, the real green odors and the aquatic odors are classified within the refreshing fragrances

The perfumes circle is divided the main four groups to the twelve distinguished family in order to help you in specifying your choice more accurately, and  each family lead to next family.

Floral becomes light floral when mixed with the fragrant Aldehydes and equalize it with the light Lily or with the dry Vanilla. The light floral turns to the oriental floral by adding Orange Fragrance and sweet spices.

In the center of perfumes circle there is ALfujir Fragrances, it is a global fragrance family contain elements of many families:
* Orange and Limon freshness
*Lavender Leaves
*The odor of sweet spices as  the odor of oriental flower
*The odor of deep eastern Amber with the moss wood and with the warmth of Sandalwood and oats

The Spiritual and Emotional sides of senses:
For a long time, Science pay attention to the spiritual and emotional sides of our senses
In Greek Philosophy, the sense of smell deprived of its right, being vague and emotional.

But recently, this smell become more comprehensive, and as a result, it is clear that we can't smell anything except the odor that reach directly to our nose. Accompany with the air we breathe.

In other words, when we smell a fragrance, in fact we don’t smell the material in side it, but practically we smell the material emerging from it, that we can't obsess it

What is the suitable Perfume for you:

Perfume is similar to a partner or another important object, since  you  are forced  to live with it for a while only to discover if it is suitable for you.  You have to try a perfume and take a time to try its magic on you

There are several reasons for this,  firstly, the odor of the perfume differs according to the surrounding structure,  that its odor maybe quiet different within a place of intense fragrance odor of  the neutral surrounding like home.


 

Differences of the degrees of the temperature and moisture play an important role, However, the main reason behind these differences in the sense of smell it’s the various perfumes compound, which the perfume contain, which  evaporate in different rates. That is why the perfumer talk about the first, second, third qualities for perfumes, they mean the way that perfume change its odor which is differs in each perfume

Nevertheless, you have not to exceed in searching for the suitable perfume, if you try more kinds your  nose will stop  to smell anything, and you will be unable to differentiate between what you like and don't like. For this reason you  should not try more than five to six different perfumes at the same time and you have to try it on different parts of your body, and must be spaced of each other, in addition the odor of the  perfume differs according to the odor of the body, we must take into consideration that there is no guarantee that you will like the same fragrance of someone else, if you put it on your skin .

About Flowers:
Many flower fragrances are used in perfumery. The soil, climate and variety of each flower influence its scent enormously. In fact, the raw materials used to make perfume are found all over. Fields of flowers and aromatic plants are found in the Mediterranean. Sandalwood and vetivert come from India. Madagascar produces the delicate ylang-ylang flower. Oakmoss from Yugoslavia and roses from Bulgaria also contribute to the array of materials used in the manufacture of fragrance.

The essential oil in plants, which give them their particular aromas, are found in flowers, leaves, fruit, bark, roots, gums and resins, and seeds all over the world. The costliest and finest of perfume oils, called the "absolute," are obtained from certain flowers. The natural oils of the rose, jasmine, and orange flower are the most important. It is also important to note that every superior grade perfume contains a certain percentage of one or more of these flower oils, which impart to the fragrance a smoothness that is unobtainable with any other ingredient..
Roses
One of the most valuable elements of a fine perfume is provided by the rose, known as the "queen of flowers". Rose perfumes were very popular with the Romans and the Greeks. Roses are gathered at night since they are at their most fragrant before sunrise. The two main species of roses used in perfume are the Rosa centifolia, found in the South of France, and the rosa damascena (Damask Rose) located primarily in Arab countries. The damask rose is most widely grown for perfumery. Roses are found in 75% of all perfumes.

Jasmine
Jasmine, another "absolute," or pure essence, gives a perfume a well-rounded, finished quality. Jasmine flowers are harvested whentheir scent is at its peak just before dawn. The flowers must be processed immediately before their freshness fades. The jasmine must also be placed in special baskets to prevent the flowers from bruising, and unbalancing the flower's natural bouquet. Eight thousand jasmine flowers yield 1/25 oz of absolute. Jasmine and synthetic versions of jasmine are used in 83% of all women's perfumes

Violets
Violets have been used in perfumes throughout the ages. They used violet in both perfumes andmedicines.It has been used for cures from headaches to cures for cancer. There are two varieties of violets mostcommonly used in perfumes, the Victoria Violet and the Parma Violet. Violets only produce a scant amount of essential oils, and are rarely used today. A synthetic replacement for violet is most commonly used, along with other essential oils resembling the violet.



Orange flower
The orange flower is the traditional flower of brides all over the world. The bitter orange is one of the most versatile trees producing theessential oils for this scent. Its blossoms provide orange flowerabsolute.Orange flower oil or "neroli" was named after the Italian Princess of Neroli. She began the fashion of using the oil for scented gloves. The absolute is somewhat scarce, but Neroli oil is plentiful and widely used, especially in finer citrus colognes. Oil of "petit grain" is obtained by distillation from the leaves and twigs. Orange flowers are grown in the south of France, Spain, Italy and North Africa.
 

Orange oil
Orange oil is obtained from the peel of the fruit of the orange tree. Most orange oil comes from Italy, Spain and the United States. It is used in citrus-type colognes and other fragrances. One of the most important citrus oils for toilet water and colognes is lemon oil. When hand-pressed, the oil has a fresh fruit note. Most lemon oil comes from Italy and the United States. Bergamot oil is pressed from the fruit of the bergamot tree, grown in Calabria, Southern Italy. This oil is used in colognes with a citrus note, in chypre, and in other types of fragrances.

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Ylang-ylang
Ylang-ylang is widely used for fine fragrance. This flower is found throughout South-East Asia. The ylang-ylang is not picked until the budshave been open for two to three weeks. After they have been gathered, they must be processed quickly. This oil is commonly used, but synthetic versions, and cananga oil is often substituted in less expensive perfumes Bark and roots are also of great value to the perfumer. The oil of the cinnamon tree has a sweet, spicy note. Vetiver, a grass whose essential oil comes from the root of the plant, is a good fixative used in a large number of fragrances. It is found in Asia, the West Indies, and in Central and South America. Costus oil, an excellent fixative grown in the Himalayan Highlands, can be overpowering even in small concentrations

Resins
Resins are the gummy substances that come from the barks of trees. Lichen, usually found around oak trees, exudes a resinous substance called oakmoss. Its aroma is unique, giving an earthy note to perfume essential to chypre fragrances and their derivatives. It is found in Yugoslavia, Italy, and the Central European countries. Frankincense is a well-known resin. It is still used in religious rituals, as a medicine, and as a purifying perfume.

Woods
Sandalwood has long been considered a sacred perfume, wed in the religious rites of ancient India and by Chinese Buddhists. Having an easily recognizable scent and valued as a fixative, the oil finds wide application in perfumery. Cedarwood oil gives a woody undertone, and is also valued as a fixative. It comes from cedar trees that grow in Morocco, Lebanon and East Africa. Moroccan oil is said to be the best.

Vanilla
Vanilla was discovered in Mexico, and used as a spice for food. The aroma of vanilla is present in the vast majority of all fine fragrances today, although it is often synthetic.

 

Patchouli
Patchouli is a unique perfume ingredient used in about half of all men's fragrances. It has the strongest aroma in the plant kingdom. It isfound primarily in India and Indonesia.

 


 

Orris
Orris is the dried bulbs of the iris plant. The scent is similar to violet, and is often used to make synthetic violet fragrance. The orris root is dried for two years. Orris root has been prized as a perfume since the time of the ancient Greeks. It is one of the most important perfumery materials.
Two leaves essential to the perfumer are labdanum and patchouli. Patchouli, an East Indian mint, has a musty fragrance and is found in many perfumes. It grows in Malaysia and Sumatra. Labdanum is a sweet, sticky substance exuded from the leaves and twigs of a species of rose. It is found in Crete, Cypress, and other Mediterranean regions of Spain and Morocco, and is valued as a fixative.

Animal ingredients
Animal extracts are always used in minute concentrations because of theiroverpowering odor. When they are diluted to the right proportion, they give a glorious effect. They give the scent a richness and warmth that only an animal note can give. They are chemically very close to our own sexual aromas. Animal extracts are an essential part of many commercial fragrances. Most animal notes today are synthetically produced to decrease cost and increase supplies
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Ambergris:
Ambergris is found in oily gray lumps primarily in the Indian Ocean. There has been much speculation as to the origin of this material. It is found in the ocean in one to seventy pound lumps. The lumps have strong odor that is very unpleasant in its raw state. It must be dissolved in alcohol. After it is processed, the fragrance is very persistent. It was used in scented gloves because the odor would last several years. Today synthetic ambergris is primarily used in replacement of genuine ambergris.

 

Castoreum:
Castoreum is a secretion from the preputial follicles of both male and female castor beavers. It has a strong, disagreeable odor until it is considerably diluted. It then becomes highly fragrant. It is an excellent fixative and gives perfumes a spicy or oriental note. It is very commonly used in men's fragrances due to the sultry, leathery, smoky note. It is also used in oriental women's fragrances. Synthetic castoreums are now available, and can be as good as the real thing.



Civet
Civet is one of the most important animal materials used for perfume. It is taken from a pouch under the tails of male and female civetcats. Civet has a very strong smell, but is diluted and used in minute quantities. The scent is similar to musk, but has a more smoky, sweaty aroma. It is an excellent fixative, and used in many top-quality perfumes today. Civet is available in artificial substitutes.
Musk
 

Musk
Musk is perhaps the most powerful of all perfume fragrances, and the most expensive. Musk comes from the male musk deer. It is extracted from the deer in the form of grains. Musk has been a key constituent in very many perfumes since its discovery. It is currently found in 35% of all men's perfumes and fragrances. It is a very good fixative, and is exceptionally long lasting. There are many synthetic musks, and musk is one of the most important ingredients in perfumes. Musk in its natural or synthetic form can




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